Health psychology | What is health psychology?

Health psychology.

What is health psychology?

Hello friends my name is Abhinav and our topic today is health psychology. I know what it is about.

What is health psychology?

Health psychology is the Psychological and behavioral process in health, illness and healthcare. It is concerned with understand how psychological, behavioural, and cultural factor contribute to physical health and illness.
Psychological factors can affect health directly. 

Meaning of health psychology.

Health is the state of optical well-being that includes physical, mental, and social well-being (WHO, 1946).

Health psychology is the the field of study focused on understanding the biological, psychological, and social influences on health and illness with the aims of promoting health and preventing illness and improving Healthcare systems and policies.

Function of health psychologist.

  •  Assessment, diagnosis, psychological, management in medical conditions.
  • Research.
  • Teaching and training.
  • Liaison.
  • Role in prevention and rehabilitation.
  • Community awareness and interventions.
  • Promotion of Health and wellbeing.
  • Policy recommendation.

career in health psychology.

  • Medical Institutions.
  • Hospitals.
  • Own set up.
  • Research.
  • Teaching.

Objectives of health psychology.

  • Focus on health promotion and health maintenance.
  • Prevention and treatment illness.
  • Focus on health etiology and correlates off health, illness, of dysfunction.
  • We should try to  analyse and improve the health care system and the formulation of health policy.
  • Other interventions - We have found that reducing stress and enhancing a dignified life, strengthening the functioning of the immune system, increasing adherence to medical prescriptions, reducing disability and enhancing personal mastery, coping with personal management skills.

Five main goals of health psychology.

  • To prevent illness.
  • To promote good health.
  • To help with the treatment of illness.
  • To investigate the physiological correlates of illness.
  • To improve the healthcare system and health policy

psychological factors and health.

  •  Pessimism.
  • Causes arousal of the body's fight-or-fight response.
  • Contributes to poor health. 
  • Leads to people enganging in unhealthy habits.
  • Reduces positive coping strategies.
  • Coping strategies.
  • Avoidance copying-  denning that one is ill or is facing other obvious stresses.
  • Predicts chronic diseases.

About health psychology.

Health psychology refers to the understanding of effects by psychologists or how people stay healthy and how they become ill and how they react when they meet.

Health psychology is concerned with a aspect of how health and illness across life-spam.

Health psychology is the study of the psychological behavioral process in health. It is related to illness and health care or understanding how psychological behavior and cultural factors contribute to physical health and illness.

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